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Excess levels of sugar in our blood is stored in the cells as glucose to be used later as a form of energy. The process of moving excess sugar into the cells is carried out by a hormone called insulin, produced in the pancreas.

Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus as it is commonly called is a medical condition caused by a deficiency of the hormone, insulin, or the one produced is not used effectively. As a result of this, excess sugar remains in the blood, and this can cause other severe problems like damage to the nerves, kidney and various organs of the body.

At Blood London Clinic, we can help diagnose diabetes when you contact us for a test. If you are having similar symptoms or want to know your status, contact us today to get tested by our team of experienced professionals.

Types Of Diabetes

There are two types of diabetes, known as Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes results when the insulin-producing cells come under attack by the immune system. The reason for this attack is not known; however, it prevents the production of insulin to convert the excess sugar in the blood. About 10% of all diabetic cases are Type 1.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a situation whereby either the insulin produced is not enough to perform its responsibility, or it is simply not sufficient enough to convert excess sugar in the blood into glucose and store same in the cells. Type 2 diabetes happens when the body starts to resist the insulin produced.

A significant number of people who have diabetes have Type 2 as it starts to build up naturally according to your lifestyle, diet and general living. People who are obese, those who do not engage in any form of physical exercise, and those with a family history of Type 2 diabetes, all stand a high risk of having Type 2 diabetes later in their lives.

General Symptoms Of Diabetes

Here’s how you know if you have diabetes? Generally, the symptoms that indicate you might be having diabetes include;

  • Increase in the level of hunger and thirst
  • Constant urination
  • Tiredness
  • Unclear and blurred vision
  • Inexplicable weight loss
  • Sores that won’t heal quickly

Are any of these symptoms quite familiar? Are you experiencing one or more of the symptoms on this list? If your answer is yes, then it is high time you visit us. We will help you carry out diabetes test and ascertain your sugar level.

Don’t hesitate to call us today!

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Apart from the general symptoms listed above, people with type 1 diabetes can also experience mood changes.

Symptoms of Type 2

Apart from the general symptoms, people with type 2 diabetes also have recurrence infections as a result of the constant presence of sugar in the blood, making it hard for the normal healing process to take place.

Although the symptoms mentioned are general, other symptoms present in women and men.

Symptoms Of Women

Alongside the general symptoms, women can also experience symptoms like yeast infection, dry skin and urinary tract infection.

Symptoms Of Men

Also, men can experience sexually related symptoms like erectile dysfunction, and reduced strength, in addition to the general symptoms.

What Are The Causes Of Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes sets in when the cells that produce insulin come under attack by the immune system. No one, including medical doctors, has been able to determine the reason why these cells are attacked. It could be as a result of a virus, or even the genes.

Type 2 diabetes, is as a result of diet, lifestyle and also genes. Type 2 diabetes runs in families, so it is not surprising for many people from the same family to be diabetic. Being obese also increases your chances of having type 2 diabetes, especially if the fat takes up more space in your mid-region. The cells become resistant to insulin in your blood sugar.

Whatever the cause of yours might be, do not hesitate to reach out to us soonest to get tested and get the necessary treatment if found positive.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy as a result of changes in a hormone. A pregnant woman’s cells become less sensitive to insulin because of the hormone produced by the placenta. Overweight pregnant women are at higher risk of getting gestational diabetes.

Who Is At Risk?

Various factors place different people at risk of having different types of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

If you are a child or a teenager with a family member like a parent or a sibling with type 1 diabetes, there are chances you can have the disease as well. This is because you may be carrying specific genes that could be linked to the disease.

Type 2 Diabetes

Being the most common type of diabetes, a lot of people are at risk of contracting the disease. People at risk of having type 2 diabetes are people who

  • are aged 45 and above
  • are overweight
  • have a family member with the condition
  • have had gestational diabetes
  • have pre-diabetes
  • have high blood pressure or a high level of cholesterol

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs in most pregnant women. However, certain factors can lead to it and place you at risk. People at risk of gestational diabetes are women who

  • have just delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds at birth
  • had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy
  • are overweight
  • have type 2 diabetes in their family medical history
  • have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome ( PCOS)

Effects Of Diabetes

There exist both short and long term effects of Diabetes. Increase in blood sugar levels ultimately causes damage to organs and tissues in the body. Complications that arise from diabetes include;

  • Damage of foot – infections that won’t heal
  • Skin infections; bacterial and fungal
  • Loss of hearing
  • Cardiac arrest and heart disease
  • Loss of vision
  • Neuropathy
  • Nephropathy
  • Dementia
  • Depression

Gestational Diabetes Complications

In gestational diabetes, complications can affect the baby in ways like;

  • Jaundice
  • Premature birth
  • Low blood sugar
  • Chances of developing type 2 diabetes later in life
  • Stillbirth

The mother can also experience a rise in blood pressure, leading to pre-eclampsia, or type 2 diabetes, often resulting in a cesarean session.

Diabetes And Your Heart

Stroke is one of the effects of diabetes on the heart. It happens when fatty deposits block the arteries conveying blood to the brain. The fatty deposits are as a result of high levels of glucose in the blood damaging the artery walls and depositing fat in them, thereby constricting the flow of blood.

If these fats are deposited in the coronary artery, a heart attack resulting from coronary heart disease is inevitable. The coronary artery is responsible for supplying oxygenated blood to the heart.

Don’t hesitate to contact us and get tested in order to avoid complications from this disease!

Diabetes Ketoacidosis

This is a diabetic condition whereby the body breaks down fat for energy because it has run out of insulin. It is more prevalent in people with type 1 diabetes than type 2. You must seek medical attention at once because this condition can be fatal because Ketone builds up and accumulate in the body due to the breakdown of fat. Symptoms include;

  • Feeling sick
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased need to urinate more often than before
  • Stomach pain
  • Fatigue
  • Increased and deep breathing rate
  • Fruity smell of breath

For any of the above symptoms, contact us immediately at Blood London for immediate help

Diagnosis Of Diabetes

Once you notice any of these symptoms listed earlier, do not hesitate to go for a test. You can contact us to book an appointment, or you can come to our clinic for a test. At Blood London, we will provide you with a professional service when it comes to testing for diabetes or any other blood-related disease.

Testing for diabetes requires a blood and urine test. Your blood sample is taken, and the glucose level tested. The test can be by a finger-prick blood test, or by a blood test called Haemoglobin A1c, although the latter will provide a better overview of the state of your disease than a finger-prick blood test.

Whichever one you require, we at Blood London will give you an appropriate blood test, and the results will be available within 24 hours.

Treatment Of Diabetes

Being overweight or obese already puts you at risk of having type 2 diabetes. So it would be better to lose weight once you have diabetes. Cutting down on sugary and fatty foods and exercising is one big step towards ensuring your health advancement.

For people with an already progressed level of type 2 diabetes, insulin injections are administered to control the sugar in their blood. Also, medications like Sitagliptin and Metformin can be prescribed by your physician. You might also be placed on a cholesterol-lowering drug to avoid stroke and heart attack.

Preventing Diabetes

Some causes of diabetes are beyond our control, especially in type 1 diabetes, where the problem comes from the immune system. In type 2 diabetes, some factors are equally beyond our control, like age and genes. However, other factors, like our diet and physical exercise, can be influenced to control or avoid diabetes.

You can prevent type 2 diabetes by doing the following

  • Reduce intake or completely cut out the consumption of fatty, sugary and saturated foods
  • Losing weight, if you are overweight,
  • Engage more in physical activities and exercise weekly
  • Consume more fruits and vegetables
  • Eat lesser portions of food

You can have a healthy lifestyle, free from diabetes, provided you eat healthily and exercise regularly. However, if you experience any symptoms associated with diabetes, or you need to test for diabetes, contact us today on 02071830244 or send us an email to book an appointment.

Blood London have been providing Private HbA1c Blood Test(Hemoglobin A1c) on a self-referral basis to patients in Central and Greater London for over 20 years. Simply walk-in weekdays between 9am and 6pm or on weekends between 10am and 2pm, to have your blood taken by a highly experienced professional in our private, Harley Street clinic using some of the best labs in europe.

Please note that when ordering blood tests on a self-request basis, we will forward you the laboratory report without note or comment from our doctors unless you are under their care.

Following the results of your test, if you would like to undergo a consultation, further testing or treatment please feel free to reach out to the clinic and we'll be happy to help.

How Blood London Works

Order your test

Order your test

Select the test that you would like to undergo

Provide your sample

Provide your sample

Go to the Harley Street clinic for your blood draw and pay for your test in person

View your results

View your results

As soon as the results are ready, the will be sent to you by your chosen method

World class partner lab (TDL)

World class partner lab (TDL)

Advice from expert UK doctors

Advice from expert UK doctors

Repeat your tests and track your improvements!

Repeat your tests and track your improvements!

Comprehensive Blood Testing