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Most people check their cholesterol and blood pressure levels, but it is also important to monitor triglyceride levels. High triglycerides in the blood can increase the risk of heart disease, but lifestyle changes that can improve your overall health can also reduce your triglycerides.

What are triglycerides?

Triglycerides are a type of lipid or fat in the blood. After eating, the body immediately converts the calories it doesn’t need into triglycerides, which are stored in the body’s fat cells. When you need calories, hormones will release the triglyceride between meals to serve as energy.

If you always eat more calories than your need, especially foods high in carbohydrates, you may have high triglycerides or hypertriglyceridemia.

What is the normal triglyceride range?

With a simple blood test you can check if your triglyceride level is within the healthy range.

Interpretation  Range
Normal Below 150 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) or below 1.7 millimoles per litre (mmol/L)
Borderline high 150 – 199 mg/dL (1.8 – 2.2mmol/L)
High 200 – 499 mg/dL (2.3 – 5.6mmol/L)
Very high 500 mg/dL or higher (5.7 mmol/L or higher)

Your healthcare professional will check for high cholesterol during a cholesterol test, also called a lipid profile or lipid panel. This test requires you to come fasting for the blood draw to get an accurate triglyceride reading.

What is the difference between cholesterol and triglycerides?

Cholesterol and triglycerides are different forms of lipids in the blood.

What is the implication of high triglycerides?

High triglycerides can contribute to the thickening of arterial walls or the hardening of arteries (arteriosclerosis). This condition increases the risk of heart disease, heart attack and stroke. Extremely high levels of triglycerides may also result in acute inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).

High triglyceride levels usually indicate other conditions that elevate the risk of stroke and heart disease, including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, abnormal cholesterol levels, high triglycerides, obesity and metabolic syndrome (a group of conditions that include excess fat around the waist).

High triglycerides may indicate:

In some cases, high triglycerides are a side effect of certain medications. They include:

How to reduce triglycerides

Making healthy lifestyle choices is necessary to lower triglycerides. These changes include:

Medications for high triglycerides

If healthy lifestyle changes aren’t sufficient to control your high triglycerides, the doctor may recommend the following:

If your doctor recommends triglyceride-lowering medication, ensure you take it as prescribed. Your lifestyle also matters, so make healthy lifestyle changes.

You can undergo your triglyceride test at our clinic today or call us on 02071830244 to schedule an appointment for the test.